C. Abdul Rahman was suffering from chronic renal failure and was undergoing dialysis. According to the medical team treating him, his medical condition was so bad that the only way to save his life was kidney transplantation.
Under the Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act of 1994 a donor cannot authorise the removal of his organs for transplantation to a recipient before death, unless he is a ‘Near Relative’ of the recipient. ‘Near Relative’ under the Act includes spouse, son, daughter, father, mother, brother, sister, grandfather, grandmother, grandson and granddaughter. However the Act provides that in cases where the donor has a reason of affection or attachment towards the recipient or for any other special reasons, organs shall be transplanted with the prior approval of the Authorisation Committee established under the Act. The object of the Act is to prevent commercial dealings in the transplantation of human organs.
In Abdul Rahman’s case, the Authorisation Committee declined permission to him to receive the organ from Prasad, the donor. The Authorisation Committee declined permission on two grounds. Firstly, there is gross disparity between financial status of the donor and the recipient. Secondly, the donor and the recipient’s daughter could not satisfactorily explain the link between them which led to the offer being made. He appealed to the State Government against this decision and the State Government confirmed the decision of the Authorisation Committee.