As the Indian Railways is all set to undergo a major transformation with the preparation and implementation of a National Plan for Railway Development, the reasons and the causes of rail derailments remain unchecked. The probable reasons though are being cited as rail fractures, corrosion, etc. and probe into a majority of the derailment cases are still pending. Though according to the Indian Railways, the number of accidents in the year 2015-16 has come down to 107 when compared to 135 in the 2009-14, the pace at which safety measures need to be implemented is extremely slow. It was recorded that 47 per cent of the accidents during 2009-14 was due to derailment.
Last year’s Railway Budget had listed down a number of guidelines all which aimed to cater to the requirements of passengers. Some of these included expansion of network, revamp of organisational structure, tapping new sources of revenue, maximising use of Information and Communication Technology, ensuring transparency in award of project contracts, and introduction of bar coded tickets. These development attempts, according to the Railway Ministry, are to make the rail sector passenger-friendly, market-oriented, efficient and modern.
Introduction of a high-speed rail network with Japanese assistance was also one of the major highlights of the development process, which is reported to be accomplished through a 50-year loan credit with an interest rate of 0.1 per cent.